Abuse, the aftermath
Being abused does not necessarily cause psychological or medical illness to occur. However, being abused does make it much more likely that one or more psychological or medical illnesses will occur. Victimized people commonly develop emotional or psychological problems secondary to their abuse, including anxiety disorders and various forms of depression. They may develop substance abuse disorders. If abuse has been very severe, the victim may be traumatized, and may develop a posttraumatic stress injury such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or acute stress disorder.
Flashbacks can range in severity from mild and brief to long and strong. They can involve both sensory perceptions and motor re-enactment too. During a flashback you may experience vivid images, strong smells, or noises. Some may even involve actually acting out a traumatic experience. Many times trauma survivors don't recognize that they are having a flashback nor remember afterwards what ha
Bullying, the aftermath
Bullying can have long-term effects on people's lives, even once it has stopped. It can cause stress, anxiety, panic attacks, reduced self-esteem and a general loss of confidence. Even family life and relationships can be affected.
The experience of being bullied can end up causing lasting damage to victims. This is both self-evident, and also supported by an increasing body of research. It is not necessary to be physically harmed in order to suffer lasting harm. For the most part, physical damage sustained in a fist fight heals readily, especially damage that is sustained during the resilient childhood years. What is far more difficult to mend is the primary wound that bullying victims suffer which is damage to their self-concepts; to their identities. Bullying is an attempt to instil fear and self-loathing. Being the repetitive target of bullying damages your ability to view yourself as a desirable, capable and effective individual.
In the short term:
Secret Shame of Self-injury
Self-inflicted injury and self-poisoning are major causes of hospital admission of young adults throughout the United Kingdom, while in Scotland, suicide is the leading cause of death each year in persons aged 15 to 40 years.
Because of the stigma and lack of readily available information about self-injury, people who resort to this method of coping often receive treatment from physicians (particularly in emergency rooms) and mental-health professionals that can actually make their lives worse instead of better. Self-injurers also will often withdraw from all potential sources of help, living in secrecy and fear. This leads to a very isolated existence, wherein a person will never get close to another out of fear of their secret being discovered and the judgement that may follow.
Self-injury has an immediate effect, creating instant relief, but it is only temporary; the underlying emotional issues still remain. In time, self-injury can become a person's automatic response